This delicious mushroom is often referred to as “nature food for neurons” as it has the ability to stimulate the production of growth factors – FZR(NGF – nerve growth factor). It is precisely the growth factor that plays a key role in the differentiation and survival of multiple cellular populations of the central and peripheral nervous system. Nerve growth factor (FNR) lower than normal is associated with early stages of Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. Though therapeutic interest is mainly focused on the importance of Nerve Growth Factors (FNR) related to its neurological function, it plays a much more complicated role in maintaining the internal body balance. It is known for its insulinological, anginological and antioxidant properties, and plasma with reduced values of nerve growth factors is associated with cardiovascular disease and metabolic syndromes, including type 2 diabetes. It has been shown to speed up wound healing and there is evidence that it can be useful in treating skin and eye ulcers. Animal studies have shown that HPD has a serious influence on respiratory tract inflammation and asthma-related symptoms.FZR also has a dynamic relationship with the immune system. The FPGA production is increased after brain injury, present in molecules around the core, which produce immune cells.At the same time, immune cells exhibit receptors for FZR, which is involved in immune modulation. Two different genera of molecules are produced from Hericium erinaceus and are recognized as active in stimulating the growth factor of the FŽR: hericones isolated from mycelium and Erinaces isolated from the body. Those molecules are small enough to pass through the blood brain barrier. There is also evidence that they can increase the myelin (myelin) – a substance containing the fat that protects the nerve layer (especially those of the brain) and helps with signal transmission. In China, mycelium is used to produce Hericium erinaceus tablets for the treatment of gastritis, ulcer, chronic gastritis and gastric cancer.Dementia:In controlled studies, Hericium erinaceus as a dietary supplement showed beneficial effects on patients with mild dementia. In one study, 6 out of 7 patients showed improvement incapacity of functioning (understanding, communication, memory, etc.) while all 7 showed improvements in the results of “functional independence” (diet, dress, walking, etc.)consumption of 5 grams Hericium erinaceus added to the soup, on a daily basis. In the second study, 30 patients aged 50 to 80 with mild dementia were distributed in different treatment and control groups. Hericium erinaceus was consumed in the form of a 3-gram tablet daily, for a period of 16 weeks, and showed significant results in the area of cognitive function of patients. Nonetheless, four weeks after the end of the treatment, the cognitive function of the patients declined, pointing to the need for continuous mushroom picking.Multiple Sclerosis (MS, Sclerosis Multiplex) A fruiting body extract has been shown to improve myelination process in patients suffering from multiple sclerosis. The Nerve Growth Factor (FZR) has shown to have protective action, reducing inflammatory processes responsible for chronic brain damage and neurodegenerative disorders such as MS, (by switching the immune response to anti-inflammatory regimens).neuropathy:Nerve growth factor plays a role in the sensitivity to pain and its low values are associated with sensory neuropathy, which has been shown in “in vivo” and “in vitro” studies. Rats on rats areshowed that increased production of growth factors improves sensory functions, while FGD decreased as a cause of sensory neuropathy.Clinical studies have shown that FGD has a beneficial effect on patients with diabetic polyneuropathy. It has also been reported that FGR reduces the pain associated with sensory neuropathy associated with HIV. On the other hand, the ability to sensory neuronal regeneration has to be shown.Nerve damage:Experimental rats who received Hericium erinaceus mushroom extract showed rapid recovery in nerve damage, suggesting the potential use of fungi in the early stages of nerve recovery.MRSA (Golden Staphylococcus) Extract of mycelium mushrooms and fertile body parts showed anti-MRSA activity. In clinical trials conducted in Japan, MRSA cases have been reported, which have been withdrawn in patients whose diet was enriched with fungal Hericium erinaceus.Gastritis:One of the traditional Hericium erinaceus indications appears to have antibacterial activity arelated to Helicobacter pylori, known as the major cause of chronic gastritis.Consumption and dosage forms:The recommended daily dose of fungi amounts to 6 grams (juice spoon).